Security of databases has been a major concern for organizations over the years. Several hackers have easily been able to access the database of large enterprises without any hassles. In the pandemic era alone, billions of records were compromised. As a result, the sensitive information present within the databases, securing them using advanced measures is the new trend. Protecting databases can be quite tricky if sufficient controls are not in place, thereby sending a clear message for effective measures. Additionally, to dodge the impact of database breaches on the organization, database security plays a significant role.
What is Database Security?
Database Security is defined as the practices applied by the organization to eliminate breaches of the database management system. Businesses further deploy processes, software, and tools specifically required for securing the databases. Moreover, applying these practices is not just limited to large organizations. Even small companies can easily gain assistance in deploying advanced database security measures based on their requirements. Currently, several organizations are applying modern practices of database security to protect their information assets. Let us take a peek into the modern practices that are employed by globally recognized enterprises.
Top 6 Database Security Practices
Apply physical security
Data centers or the servers instilled within the organization are prone to cyber attacks, from outside hackers and internal threats as well. Without proper security instilled in the physical database servers, sensitive information can be easily manipulated or corrupted through malware. In addition, the normal security protocols instilled within the organization can easily be bypassed by hackers to steal information. As a result, an organization is necessitated to best physical security measures to protect their database.
Setting up proxy servers
Evaluation requests that are sent to access the database can be done through proxy servers. Organizations can set up HTTPS servers to secure their payment information, passwords, or even personal information. Using such proxy servers acts as the extra layer of security for those accessing databases as it is encrypted. In the world of information technology, proxy servers are commonly known as gatekeepers of database servers.
Besides the servers, an enterprise is required to even secure applications that come in contact with the database. If the application does not have necessary encryptions and other security measures linked, hackers can easily access the database through this channel. In addition, the IT team is constantly required to initiate security testing to identify vulnerabilities before the attacks take place.
Monitoring and Auditing
Organizations need to apply the practice of monitoring and auditing database security measures. Performing audits on the security controls enables the IT team to gather intelligence on the gaps and take necessary measures. This further assists in monitoring the database in real-time using various data intelligence tools. Through this practice, businesses can secure their database servers from possible threats and attacks from hackers.
The standard procedure that many organizations follow today is to encrypt their data. However, this encryption is usually applied to the data stored in the servers and not while moving the data. Businesses need to use encryption protocols for the data which is being moved to other locations such as the cloud platform as well. This lowers the risk of data being breached during the transit process. With advanced encryption practices, businesses can ensure that cybercriminals cannot access sensitive information.
Besides storing data in secure database servers, organizations should ensure that they have backups of the data in different places. Backing data on different servers mitigates the risk of losing information due to malicious attacks. Apart from creating backups, businesses need to also ensure that the data stored in backups have the same security measures applied for securing the database. Even backups need to be encrypted as required to protect them against hackers and system failures.
Applying these database security practices enables businesses to build robust controls for protecting their information assets. Besides, these practices not only help in lowering cyber attacks but even the threats from data manipulation, data corruption, system failures, and various other internal threats. Advancing security measures with the changes in information technology employed by the organization assists in eliminating several kinds of data breaches. As a result, an organization can choose any or all of the above mentioned security practices to protect their database.
Businesses that lack the ability to follow these practices can secure database security services through a service provider. Our experts assist organizations in ensuring all the protocols are followed while storing or moving their databases onto cloud platforms. Based on the capabilities of the organization, we apply the right security protocols are being applied to secure the database from modern cyber threats. Securing Azure Migration Consulting Services further allows businesses to remain hassle-free throughout the process of migration.